All parents acknowledge how important it is for children to drink water. But did you know that you can tell whether your child has been drinking enough water just by looking at his/her pee?

Urine is the by-product of our bodies that carry away waste and excess water. The yellow tinge it gets is from the pigment urochrome. A pale yellow would indicate that the child is hydrated while darker shades of yellow to orange might be an indication of dehydration. Because 60-70% of the human body is made up of water and it supports many bodily functions, it’s vital for children to stay hydrated. Let’s explore some other hydration facts that parents need to be aware of:

Urine Color Chart

1. Children need even more water than adults

It’s a misconception that children are smaller and therefore need to drink less. Children are actually more susceptible to dehydration because of their higher metabolic rates and increased body surface area to mass index. As every parent has experienced, children are often very active and therefore tend to lose more water and electrolytes through perspiration. Children and infants also have a higher body water content and require proportionally more water intake to maintain fluid equilibrium within their bodies.

getting children to drink water

Are your children drinking enough water? Check out the Institute of Medicine of National Academics’ guide to how much water intake children should have.

Institute of Medicine of National Academics' guide to how much water intake children should haveCredit: Institute of Medicine of National Academics

2. Dehydration causes decreased cognitive performance

For children, dehydration happens very quickly. This causes their body temperature to increase and could cause the brain to overheat. Multiple studies have shown that ensuring children stay hydrated helps their cognitive performance. Children who are more hydrated seem to perform better at multitasking, with increased mental flexibility, memory and faster reaction times. The association between water intake and cognitive performance is important for parents to note as greater performance on cognitive control tasks is predictive of academic achievement.

So parents, make sure your children take their water breaks and are sufficiently hydrated.

girl drinking enough water toilet break

3. Dehydration is linked to many other health issues in children

Dehydration happens when one’s body loses more fluid than it intakes and the body does not have enough water to carry out its normal bodily functions. This happens at a cellular level and brings a host of health issues that parents need to be aware of:

  • Urinary and kidney issues – Prolonged and repeated bouts of dehydration can lead to kidney issues as waste builds up in the body. There is the possibility of kidney stones forming or developing urinary tract infections.
  • Constipation – water and fibre help in regulating childrens’ bowel movement and dehydration often leads to hard stool that is difficult to pass out of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Impaired metabolism – when a child’s body is in a dehydrated state, their metabolic rate slows down. As the muscles are not fully hydrated, their ability to generate energy is also inhibited.

How akaline ionized water is generatedCredit: H2O LIFE SOURCE

4. It’s not just about any water but high quality water

While keeping hydrated is good, not all water is the same. Alkaline Ionized water is water that has gone through a special filtration process. It is supercharged with negative hydrogen ions as a result of molecular restructuring, giving it the super antioxidative property that fights free radicals within the body. Over time, drinking alkaline Ionized water has the ability to turn one’s tissue into an alkaline state and dissolve acid-former matter such as kidney stones and gallstones.

Not being sufficiently hydrated has dire consequences so it is necessary parents remember to monitor their children’s water intake. In addition, it’s also important to understand how to differentiate high quality water and the benefits it brings.

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Stand a chance to win a BPA-free 1Litre collapsible water bottle from H2O Life Source by answering one simple question!

H2O Hydration Survey

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Keen to find out more facts about hydration? Stay tuned for webinars and upcoming contests!

This is part 1 of the Hydration Literacy For Parents series brought to you by H2O LIFE SOURCE – is a leading water science company in Asia.

By Jasmine Chua.

Read the rest of the two-part series here:

Part 2: 6 Fun Ways To Get Your Child To Drink More Water

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