First Aid Box

The following items are recommended for a first aid kit.

1. Dressings (to cover wound)

  • Packet of assorted adhesive plasters.
  • Box of 5 x 5 cm sterile gauze pads.

2. Bandages (to hold dressings in place)

  • Roll of adhesive dressing tape.
  • Roll of elastic bandage.
  • Roll of 2.5 cm wide gauze bandage

3. Medicines for external use:

  • Anti-itch cream/lotion (e.g. calamine lotion)
  • Antiseptic wash/cream/lotion (to prevent infection of cuts/grazes)
  • Alcohol swabs
  • Normal Saline eye solution (for flushing foreign body in eye)
  • Mouthwash/gargle
  • Syringe, medicine cup or spoon

4. Medicines for internal use:

  • Antacid (to relieve indigestion)
  • Anti-diarrhoea medicine (probiotic, charcoal for adults)
  • Cough and cold medicine (either from your doctor or over-the-counter
  • Fever medicine/simple painkiller (paracetamol/ibuprofen)
  • Throat lozenges

first aid box at home


  • Clinical thermometer
  • Scissors (to be kept solely for first-aid use)
  • Pointed tweezers (to remove splinters/stings)
  • Roll of sterile cotton wool (to clean wounds)


  • Store the first-aid kits in places that are out of children’s reach but easily accessible for adults.
  • Check the kits regularly. Replace missing items or medicines that may have expired.
  • Check the torchlight batteries to make sure they work.

Related Read: 8 Common Accidents In Children And How To Treat Them Properly

By Dr Wong Chin Khoon, Paediatrician, SBCC Baby & Child Clinic.

This article was first published in The New Age Parents online magazine.

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