About the Preservation of Sites and Monuments division

The Preservation of Sites and Monuments (PSM) division, under the National Heritage Board (NHB) and with advice from the PSM Advisory Board, guides the preservation of buildings, monuments and sites, which commemorates Singapore’s heritage as defined under the Preservation of Monuments Act.

Lim Bo Seng Memorial at Esplanade Park

The PSM division also leads NHB’s joint efforts with National Parks Board to list the Singapore Botanic Gardens as Singapore’s first UNESCO world heritage site. It also oversees the 100 heritage sites that have been marked by NHB. The PSM division’s administration of the preservation gazette is complemented by its outreach objectives to promote a renewed appreciation and understanding of national monuments and their history, and to encourage people to relate to them as sites of memory that convey a sense of place, identity and belonging.

To date, 74 structures have been gazetted as National Monuments.

List of Singapore’s National Monuments

# Name of Building/Site/Structure Date of Gazette
1 Former Thong Chai Medical Institution (1892) 28 June 1973
2 Armenian Church of St Gregory the Illuminator (1835-36) 28 June 1973
3 St Andrew’s Cathedral (Rebuilt 1856-64) 28 June 1973
4 Former Telok Ayer Market (now Lau Pa Sat) (1890-94) 28 June 1973
5 Thian Hock Keng (1839-42) 28 June 1973
6 Sri Mariamman Temple (Rebuilt 1843) 28 June 1973
7 Hajjah Fatimah Mosque (1845-46) 28 June 1973
8 Cathedral of the Good Shepherd (1843-47) 28 June 1973
9 Nagore Dargah (now Nagore Dargah Indian Muslim Heritage Centre) (1828-30) 19 November 1974
10 Al-Abrar Mosque (1850-55) 19 November 1974
11 House of Tan Yeok Nee (The Former Salvation Army HQ) (1885) 19 November 1974
12 Tan Si Chong Su (1876-78) 19 November 1974
13 Jamae Mosque (Rebuilt 1830-35) 19 November 1974
14 Sultan Mosque (Rebuilt 1924-28) 8 March 1975
15 St George’s Church (1910-13) 10 November 1978
16 Hong San See (1908-12) 10 November 1978
17 Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple (Rebuilt 1961-66) 10 November 1978
18 Abdul Gafoor Mosque (1907-27) 5 July 1979
19 Siong Lim Temple (now Lian Shan Shuang Lin Monastery) (1902-08) 14 October 1980
20 Raffles Hotel (1887-1907) 4 March 1987
(Re-gazetted on 3 June 1995)
21 Telok Ayer Chinese Methodist Church (1924-25) 23 March 1989
22 Goodwood Park Hotel (Tower Block) (1900) 23 March 1989
23 Former Convent of Holy Infant Jesus Chapel (now CHIJMES Hall) (1903) and Caldwell House (1840-41) 26 October 1990
24 Istana and Sri Temasek (1867-69) 14 February 1992
(Re-gazetted on 1 October 1993)
25 Former City Hall (1926–29) 14 February 1992
26 Victoria Theatre (1856-62) and Concert Hall (1902-05) 14 February 1992
27 Former Parliament House and Annex Building (1826-27) 14 February 1992,
26 June 1992
28 Former Supreme Court (1937-39) 14 February 1992
29 Former Empress Place Building (now Asian Civilisations Museum) (1864-67) 14 February 1992
30 National Museum (now National Museum of Singapore) (1884–87) 14 February 1992
31 Former St Joseph’s Institution – Main Building (1855-67), Chapel (1911-12) and Classroom (1906-07) (now Singapore Art Museum) 14 February 1992
26 June 1992
32 Former Attorney-General’s Chambers (now Parliament House Block C) (Rebuilt c.a. 1906) 14 February 1992
33 Former Sun Yat Sen Villa (now Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall) (1900-02) 28 October 1994
34 Yueh Hai Ching Temple (1852–1855) 28 June 1996
35 Maghain Aboth Synagogue (1878) 27 February 1998
36 Former Ministry of Labour Building (now Family Justice Courts) (1928) 27 February 1998
37 Former Tao Nan School (now The Peranakan Museum) (1910–12) 27 February 1998
38 Chesed-El Synagogue (1905) 18 December 1998
39 Former Hill Street Police Station (1934-36) 18 December 1998
40 Ying Fo Fui Kun (1881-82) 18 December 1998
41 Central Fire Station (1908-09) 18 December 1998
42 Former Nanyang University Library & Administration Building, The Former Nanyang University Memorial and The Former Nanyang University Arch (1954-56) 18 December 1998
43 The Chinese High School Clock Tower Building (1925) 19 March 1999
44 Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church (1930-31) 12 January 2000
45 Former Admiralty House (1939) 2 December 2002
46 Tan Teck Guan Building (1911) 2 December 2002
47 College of Medicine Building (1926) 2 December 2002
48 Former Cathay Building (now The Cathay) (1939) 10 February 2003
49 Church of St Peter and St Paul (1869-70) 10 February 2003
50 MacDonald House (1949) 10 February 2003
51 RC Church of St Joseph (1906-12) 14 January 2005
52 Church of Our Lady of Lourdes (1888) 14 January 2005
53 Church of Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (1901) 14 January 2005
54 Tou Mu Kung Temple (1919-21) 14 January 2005
55 Former Ford Factory (now Memories at Old Ford Factory) (1941) 15 February 2006
56 Former Raffles College (now NUS Campus at Bukit Timah) (1927-53) 11 November 2009
57 Church of St Teresa (1926-28) 11 November 2009
58 Former Keng Teck Whay building (now Singapore Yu Huang Gong) (est 1831) 11 November 2009
59 Former Command House (1939) 11 November 2009
60 Former St James Power Station (1926) 11 November 2009
61 Bowyer Block (1926) 11 November 2009
62 Former Singapore Conference Hall and Trade Union House (now Singapore Conference Hall) (1962-65) 28 December 2010
63 Esplanade Park Memorials: Lim Bo Seng Memorial (1953-54), Tan Kim Seng Fountain (1882) and Cenotaph (1920-22) 28 December 2010
64 Former Tanjong Pagar Railway Station (1929-31) 8 April 2011
65 Civilian War Memorial (1966-67) 15 August 2013
66 Chung Cheng High School (Main) Administration Building and Entrance Arch (1965-68) 10 July 2014
67 Sri Thendayuthapani Temple (rebuilt 1980-83) 20 October 2014
68 Alkaff Upper Serangoon Mosque (1931-32) 19 December 2014
69 Jurong Town Hall (1971-74) 2 June 2015
70 Istana Kampong Gelam (circa 1839-1843) 6 August 2015
71 Former Fullerton Building (1924-28) 7 December 2015
72 Changi Prison Entrance Gate, Wall and Turrets (1936) 15 February 2016
73 Singapore River Bridges: Cavenagh Bridge (1869), Anderson Bridge (1909) and Elgin Bridge (1929) 15 October 2019
74 Fort Siloso (1878) 15 February 2022

For more information on the PSM division, please visit here.

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